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What is Chagas Disease and why should you care?

What is Chagas Disease and why should you care?
Chagas Disease is carried by a parasite known as Trypanosoma Cruzi which can be transferred by the Triatomine Bug or “Kissing Bug.” Concerning our dogs, Chagas Disease can cause cardiac abnormalities or arrhythmias and ultimately lead to heart failure. While the “Kissing Bug” can infect dogs (and people) by biting them and then defecating in the bite, most instances in the area are caused by eating the bug.

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Image source http://www.cdc.gov/parasites/chagas/

Chagas Disease is more common in South America, but is making its way north. The San Antonio Humane Society found three presumed cases of Chagas Disease in 2013. The shelter took action to reduce the exposure of “Kissing Bugs” to the dogs.

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Image: A composite risk map for Chagas disease in Texas. Source: University of Texas in Austin

Below are some symptoms you can look for in your dog. If any of these symptoms are observed, it is recommended that you contact your veterinarian immediately:
• The dog is not eating
• The dog is lethargic
• The dog has a swollen abdomen
• The dog appears weak
• The dog appears confused
• The dog lacks coordination

The disease is difficult to treat, and is often fatal. Below are some tips to help prevent exposure:
• “Kissing Bugs” are nocturnal, so allow your pets to sleep indoors at night
• If your pet is sleeping outside, make sure the dog house is elevated (off the ground)
• Eliminate excess brush and shrubbery
• If you see a “Kissing Bug” contact your local pesticide expert to spray

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Image: Incidence map from the CDC - http://www.cdc.gov


To learn more about the bug and disease, visit http://www.cdc.gov/parasites/chagas/

General Care

Allergies in Pets!
Moving With Your Pet
Pet Theft Prevention
Preparing Your Pet For Baby's Arrival
Successful Cleaning to Remove Pet Odors and Stains
To Spay or Neuter
Travel Tips
Territorial Marking Behavior In Dogs And Cats
Unusual Eating Habits In Dogs And Cats
Quality of Life to the End of Life (By Alice E. Villalobos, D.V.M., DPNAP)



All Pet Care Tips (PDF files only unless otherwise indicated) are Copyright 2000, to Denver Dumb Friends League and Humane Society of the United States. All rights reserved.

 

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